Laws, Regulations & Annotations

Property Taxes Law Guide – Revision 2017

Revenue and Taxation Code

Property Taxation

Part 0.5. Implementation of Article XIII A of the California Constitution

Chapter 2. Change in Ownership and Purchase

Section 65

65. Termination of joint tenancy or tenancy in common. [Repealed by Stats. 1980, Ch. 1081, in effect September 26, 1980.]

65. Joint tenancy interests. (a) The creation, transfer, or termination of any joint tenancy is a change in ownership except as provided in this section, Section 62, and Section 63. Upon a change in ownership of a joint tenancy interest only the interest or portion which is thereby transferred from one owner to another owner shall be reappraised.

(b) There shall be no change in ownership upon the creation or transfer of a joint tenancy interest if the transferor or transferors, after such creation or transfer, are among the joint tenants. Upon the creation of a joint tenancy interest described in this subdivision, the transferor or transferors shall be the "original transferor or transferors" for purposes of determining the property to be reappraised on subsequent transfers. The spouses of original transferors shall also be considered original transferors within the meaning of this section.

(c) Upon the termination of an interest in any joint tenancy described in subdivision (b), the entire portion of the property held by the original transferor or transferors prior to the creation of the joint tenancy shall be reappraised unless it vests, in whole or in part, in any remaining original transferor, in which case there shall be no reappraisal. Upon the termination of the interest of the last surviving original transferor, there shall be a reappraisal of the interest then transferred and all other interests in the properties held by all original transferors which were previously excluded from reappraisal pursuant to this section.

(d) Upon the termination of an interest held by other than the original transferor in any joint tenancy described in subdivision (b), there shall be no reappraisal if the entire interest is transferred either to an original transferor or to all remaining joint tenants, provided that one of the remaining joint tenants is an original transferor.

(e) For purposes of this section, for joint tenancies created on or before March 1, 1975, it shall be rebuttably presumed that each joint tenant holding an interest in property as of March 1, 1975, shall be an "original transferor." This presumption is not applicable to joint tenancies created after March 1, 1975.

History.—Added by Stats. 1980, Ch. 1081, in effect September 26, 1980. Stats. 1981, Ch. 1141, in effect October 2, 1981, operative January 1, 1982, added subdivision (e). Stats. 1988, Ch. 1271, in effect September 26, 1988, substituted "transferor" for "transfer" after "the original", and deleted the period and added ", provided that one of the remaining joint tenants is an original transferor." after "tenants" in subdivision (d).

Note.—Section 14 of Stats. 1981, Ch. 1141, provided the provisions of this act shall take immediate effect and shall apply to any change in ownership occurring on or after March 1, 1975. However, all changes in value shall be made effective commencing with the 1982–83 fiscal year. No escape assessments shall be levied and no refund shall be made for any years prior to the 1982–83 fiscal year for any increases or decreases in value made for the 1982–83 fiscal year or fiscal years thereafter as the result of the enactment of this act.

Note.—Section 16 of Stats. 1981, Ch. 1141, provided the Controller shall report to the Legislature on the amount of claims made by county auditors under Section 16113 of the Government Code for compensation for property tax revenues lost by reasons of the classification or exemption of property by this act.

Joint Tenancy..—When a sole owner of real property created a joint tenancy with his brother, no change in ownership occurred under Revenue and Taxation Code Section 65, subdivision (b). However, subsequent to the creation of the joint tenancy, when one of the joint tenants terminated the joint tenancy by transferring his joint tenancy interest to himself as a tenant in common, a 50 percent change in ownership occurred. Benson v. Marin County Assessment Appeals Board (2013) 219 Cal.App.4th 1445.