Laws, Regulations & Annotations
Property Taxes Law Guide – Revision 2017
Revenue and Taxation Code
Part 6. Tax Sales
CHAPTER 7. Sale to Private Parties After Deed To State
3731. Rescinding of sale. (a) When a tax deed to a purchaser of property sold by the tax collector pursuant to this part is recorded and it is determined that the property should not have been sold, the sale may be rescinded by the board of supervisors with the written consent of the county legal adviser and the purchaser of the property or a successor in interest in the property, except a bona fide purchaser for value, under any of the following circumstances:
(1) The property has not been transferred or conveyed by the purchaser at the tax sale to a bona fide purchaser for value.
(2) The property has not become subject to a bona fide encumbrance for value subsequent to the recordation of the tax deed.
(b) If the written consent of the purchaser of the property or a successor in interest is not obtained pursuant to subdivision (a), the sale may be rescinded by the board of supervisors pursuant to the circumstances specified in subdivision (a), if both of the following conditions are met:
(1) Notwithstanding Section 3731.1, a hearing is scheduled before the board of supervisors.
(2) (A) A notification is provided to the purchaser of the property or a successor in interest that contains all of the following information:
(i) The date, time, and place of the hearing.
(ii) A description of the property that was sold.
(iii) The reason for rescinding the sale of the property.
(iv) A statement that a refund will be issued to the purchaser of the property or the successor in interest, if applicable, for the purchase amount of the property plus interest at the county pool apportioned rate as specified in Section 5151 from the date of the purchase of the property.
(B) The tax collector shall send the notice, not less than 45 days prior to the date of the hearing, to the purchaser of the property or a successor in interest by certified mail with return receipt requested. The notice shall be sent to the last known mailing address of the purchaser of the property or a successor in interest.
(c) When the sale of tax-defaulted property is rescinded pursuant to this section, the purchaser or a successor in interest is entitled to a refund of the amount paid as the purchase price plus interest at the county pool apportioned rate as specified in Section 5151 from the date of the purchase of the property after rescission of the tax deed is recorded.
(d) The rescission shall be executed by the county tax collector and, if rescinded pursuant to subdivision (a), also by the purchaser or a successor in interest. The signature of both the county tax collector and the purchaser or a successor in interest shall be acknowledged by the county clerk, without charge, and the county tax collector shall then record the rescission with the county recorder, without charge. When the rescission is recorded, the tax deed becomes null and void as though never issued and all provisions of law relating to tax-defaulted property shall apply to the property.
(e) The holder of a tax certificate who received all or any part of the amount paid by the purchaser or a successor in interest shall not be obligated to make any refund or repayment of any amount to the purchaser, the delinquent taxpayer, the county, or any other person. The tax collector may use amounts on deposit in the Tax Certificate Redemption Fund to make the refund, but only to the extent those amounts were paid to the holder of the applicable tax certificate.
(f) Subdivision (b) shall apply to sales that are completed on or after January 1, 2010.
(g) A proceeding may be commenced in a court pursuant to Section 3725 only if the person commencing the proceeding first petitions the board of supervisors to rescind the sale of a tax deed pursuant to this section.
History.—Added by Stats. 1985, Ch. 316, effective January 1, 1986. Stats. 1986, Ch. 1420, effective January 1, 1987, substituted "part" for "chapter" after "this" in the first paragraph of subdivision (a), and deleted former subsection (a)(3) thereof, which provided that "A guarantee or certificate of title respecting the property has not been issued subsequent to the recordation of the tax deed." Stats. 1995, Ch. 189, in effect July 24, 1995, added subdivision (c). Stats. 1998, Ch. 497 (SB 2233), in effect January 1, 1999, deleted the former fourth sentence of subdivision (b) which provided that after recordation, a copy of the recision shall be forwarded to the Controller. Stats. 2009, Ch. 17 (SB 823), in effect January 1, 2010, added "or a successor . . . purchaser for value," after "the property" in the first sentence of subdivision (a); added subdivision (b); lettered the former first sentence of subdivision (b) as subdivision (c) and substituted "this section" for "subdivision (a)" after "pursuant to", added "or a successor in interest" after "the purchaser", and substituted "plus interest . . . tax deed is recorded." for "after the purchaser executes a recision of the tax deed." in the first sentence therein; created subdivision (d) with the former second, third and fourth sentences of subdivision (b), and substituted "The rescission shall" for "The recision shall also" before "be executed", added "and, if rescinded . . . successor of interest" after "tax collector" in the first sentence, substituted "The signature of both . . . successor in interest" for "The signatures of the purchaser and the county tax collector" before "shall be acknowledged", and substituted "rescission" for "recision" after "record the" in the second sentence, and substituted "rescission" for "recision" after "When the" in the third sentence therein; relettered former subdivision (c) as subdivision (e) and added "or a successor in interest" after "the purchaser" in the first sentence therein; and added subdivision (f). Stats. 2011, Ch. 288 (AB 261), in effect January 1, 2012, added subdivision (g).
Exclusive statutory remedy.—A purchaser of tax-defaulted property from a public entity at a tax sale seeking recision and restitution of purchase money is not entitled to relief based on common law causes of action but rather, is limited to those remedies provided by the Revenue and Taxation Code. The purchaser is entitled to a refund of purchase money paid only where a court determines a tax deed is void or that the property "should not have been sold". Van Petten v. San Diego County, 38 Cal.App.4th 43.