Laws, Regulations & Annotations
Property Taxes Law Guide – Revision 2016
Government Code Provisions
Provisions Relating to the California Land Conservation Act of 1965 (The Williamson Act)
Chapter 7. Agricultural Land*
Article 1. General Provisions
Decisions Under Former Section 51203
Construction.—This section applies only to parties to a land conservation contract, and the State is not a party thereto. Therefore, in seeking to challenge an assessor's valuation required prior to approval of the cancellation of a contract, a State agency need not exhaust the administrative remedy provided by this section in order to bring a court action. People ex rel. Dept. of Conservation v. Triplett, 48 Cal.App.4th 233.
51203. Current fair market valuations subject to equalization. (a) The assessor shall determine the current fair market value of the land as if it were free of the contractual restriction pursuant to Section 51283. The Department of Conservation or the landowner, also referred to in this section as "parties," may provide information to assist the assessor to determine the value. Any information provided to the assessor shall be served on the other party, unless the information was provided at the request of the assessor, and would be confidential under law if required of an assessee.
(b) Within 45 days of receiving the assessor's notice pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 51283 or Section 51283.4, if the Department of Conservation or the landowner believes that the current fair market valuation certified pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 51283 or Section 51283.4 is not accurate, the department or the landowner may request formal review from the county assessor in the county considering the petition to cancel the contract. The department or the landowner shall submit to the assessor and the other party the reasons for believing the valuation is not accurate and the additional information the requesting party believes may substantiate a recalculation of the property valuation. The assessor may recover his or her reasonable costs of the formal review from the party requesting the review, and may provide an estimate of those costs to the requesting party. The recovery of these costs from the department may be deducted by the city or county from cancellation fees received pursuant to this chapter prior to transmittal to the Controller for deposit in the Soil Conservation Fund. The assessor may require a deposit from the landowner to cover the contingency that payment of a cancellation fee will not necessarily result from the completion of a formal review. This subdivision shall not be construed as a limitation on the authority provided in Section 51287 for cities or counties to recover their costs in the cancellation process, except that the assessor's costs of conducting a formal review shall not be borne by the nonrequesting party.
(1) If no request is made within 45 days of receiving notice by certified mail of the valuation, the assessor's valuation shall be used to calculate the fee.
(2) Upon receiving a request for formal review, the assessor shall formally review his or her valuation if, based on the determination of the assessor, the information may have a material effect on valuation of the property. The assessor shall notify the parties that the formal review is being undertaken and that information to aid the assessor's review shall be submitted within 30 days of the date of the notice to the parties. Any information submitted to the assessor shall be served on the other party who shall have 30 days to respond to that information to the assessor. If the response to the assessor contains new information, the party receiving that response shall have 20 days to respond to the assessor as to the new information. All submittals and responses to the assessor shall be served on the other party by personal service or an affidavit of mailing. The assessor shall avoid ex parte contacts during the formal review and shall report any such contacts to the department and the landowner at the same time the review is complete. The assessor shall complete the review no later than 120 days of receiving the request.
(3) At the conclusion of the formal review, the assessor shall either revise the cancellation valuation or determine that the original cancellation valuation is accurate. The assessor shall send the revised valuation or notice of the determination that the valuation is accurate to the department, the landowner, and the board or council considering the petition to cancel the contract. The assessor shall include a brief narrative of what consideration was given to the items of information and responses directly relating to the cancellation value submitted by the parties. The assessor shall give no consideration to a party's information or response that was not served on the other party. If the assessor denies a formal review, a brief narrative shall be provided to the parties indicating the basis for the denial, if requested.
(c) For purposes of this section, the valuation date of any revised valuation pursuant to formal review or following judicial challenge shall remain the date of the assessor's initial valuation, or his or her initial recomputation pursuant to Section 51283.4. For purposes of cancellation fee calculation in a tentative cancellation as provided in Section 51283, or in a recomputation for final cancellation as provided in Section 51283.4, a cancellation value shall be considered current for one year after its determination and certification by the assessor.
(d) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, the department and the landowner may agree on a cancellation valuation of the land. The agreed valuation shall serve as the cancellation valuation pursuant to Section 51283 or Section 51283.4. The agreement shall be transmitted to the board or council considering the petition to cancel the contract.
(e) If a contract with a city or county includes an additional cancellation fee pursuant to Section 51240, the department shall provide a preliminary valuation to the county assessor of the county in which the land is located and the board of supervisors or the city council at least 60 days prior to the effective date of the final cancellation valuation pursuant to subdivision (d). The preliminary valuation shall include a description of the rationale and facts considered by the department in determining the cancellation value. The assessor may provide comments on the preliminary valuation to the board of supervisors or city council. The board of supervisors or city council may provide comments on the preliminary valuation and cancellation value, if submitted, to the department. Prior to determining the final cancellation valuation, the department shall consider the comments of the board or council concerning the preliminary valuation and cancellation valuation, if submitted.
(f) This section represents the exclusive administrative procedure for appealing a cancellation valuation calculated pursuant to this section. The Department of Conservation shall represent the interests of the state in the administrative and judicial remedies for challenging the determination of a cancellation valuation or cancellation fee.
History.—Added by Stats. 2004, Ch. 794 (SB 1820), in effect January 1, 2005. Stats. 2005, Ch. 245 (SB 49), in effect September 22, 2005, added "and the additional information the requesting party believes may substantiate a recalculation of the property valuation" after "is not accurate" in the second sentence of the first paragraph, added "by certified mail" after "receiving notice" in the first sentence of paragraph (1), substituted "shall" for "may" after "the assessor" and added "if, based on the determination of the assessor, the information may have a material effect on the valuation of the property" after "his or her valuation" in the first sentence of paragraph (2), and added the fifth sentence commencing with "If the assessor . . ." to paragraph (3) of subdivision (b), and added "or Section 51283.4" after "Section 51283" in the second sentence of subdivision (d). Stats. 2009, Ch. 358 (SB 671) in effect January 1, 2010, added "Section" after "51283 or" in the first sentence, deleted "the" after "county from" in the fourth sentence, and added the fifth and sixth sentences of subdivision (b). Stats. 2015, Ch. 631 (AB 707), in effect January 1, 2016, added subdivision (e) and relettered former subdivision (e) as (f).
Note.—Section 5 of Stats. 2005, Ch. 245 (SB 49), provided that the Legislature finds and declares that the amendments made by Chapter 794 of the Statutes of 2004 or by this act shall not apply to petitions that have been accepted as complete pursuant to Section 51284.1 of the Government Code prior to January 1, 2005.
Section 6 thereof provided that no reimbursement is required by this act pursuant to Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution because a local agency or school district has the authority to levy service charges, fees, or assessments sufficient to pay for the program or level of service mandated by this act, within the meaning of Section 17556 of the Government Code.
Section 7 thereof provided that this act is an urgency statute necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety within the meaning of Article IV of the Constitution and shall go into immediate effect. The facts constituting the necessity are: This act contains amendments that were inadvertently omitted from the measure enacting Chapter 794 of the Statutes of 2004. In order for the formal review process of land conservation contract cancellation to work properly and to ensure certainty in the results for local agencies, landowners, and the Department of Conservation, it is necessary that this act take effect immediately.
* Unless otherwise noted Chapter 7 was added by Stats. 1965, p. 3377, in effect September 17, 1965.