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DIVISION 13. HOUSING

PART 2. MOBILEHOMES—MANUFACTURED HOUSING

CHAPTER 1. Definitions

DIVISION 13. HOUSING

PART 2. MOBILEHOMES—MANUFACTURED HOUSING*

Chapter 1. Definitions

* Part 2 added by Stats. 1981, Ch. 975, in effect January 1, 1982.

18001.8. Commercial coach. "Commercial modular" means a structure transportable in one or more sections, designed and equipped for human occupancy for industrial, professional, or commercial purposes, which is required to be moved under permit, and shall include a trailer coach as defined in Section 635 of the Vehicle Code. "Commercial coach" has the same meaning as "commercial modular" as that term is defined in this section.

History.—Stats. 2002, Ch. 98 (SB 1935), in effect January 1, 2003, substituted "modular" for "coach" after "Commercial" in the first sentence and added the second sentence in the first paragraph.

18003.3. Dwelling unit. "Dwelling unit" means one or more habitable rooms which are designed to be occupied by one family with facilities for living, sleeping, cooking, eating, and sanitation.

18005.8. Legal owner. "Legal owner" means a person holding a security interest in a manufactured home, mobilehome, commercial coach, floating home, or truck camper perfected by filing the appropriate documents with the department pursuant to Section 18080.7 if the person is entitled to the designation, as provided in Article 3 (commencing with Section 18085) or 4 (commencing with Section 18098) of Chapter 8. A lien created pursuant to Section 18080.9 is not a security interest for purposes of this definition.

History.—Stats. 1983, Ch. 1124, in effect January 1, 1984, deleted "primary" before "security", added "manufactured home," before "mobilehome", and substituted "perfected by filing . . . of Chapter 8" for ", as evidenced by a certificate of title issued pursuant to the provisions of this part" after "coach"; and deleted the former second sentence. Stats. 1984, Ch. 1527, in effect January 1, 1985, deleted "or" after "mobilehome,", added ", or truck camper" after "commercial coach" and substituted "the" for "such" after "18080.7 if" and after "entitled to". Stats. 1992, Ch. 686, in effect January 1, 1993, added "floating home," after "commercial coach,". Stats. 1995, Ch. 446, in effect January 1, 1996, added the second sentence.

Note.—Section 52 of Stats. 1984, Ch. 1527, provided no payment by state to local governments because of this act, however, a local agency or school district may pursue any remedies to obtain reimbursement.

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18007. Manufactured home. "Manufactured home," for the purposes of this part, means a structure, transportable in one or more sections, which, in the traveling mode, is eight body feet or more in width, or 40 body feet or more in length, or, when erected on site, is 320 or more square feet, and which is built on a permanent chassis and designed to be used as a dwelling with or without a permanent foundation when connected to the required utilities, and includes the plumbing, heating, air conditioning, and electrical systems contained therein; except that such term shall include any structure which meets all the requirements of this paragraph except the size requirements and with respect to which the manufacturer voluntarily files a certification and complies with the standards established under this part. "Manufactured home" includes a mobilehome subject to the National Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C., Sec. 5401, et seq.).

History.—Stats. 1981, Ch. 975, in effect January 1, 1982, substituted the balance of the first sentence after "means a" for "mobilehome", and added the second sentence.

18008. Mobilehome. "Mobilehome," for the purposes of this part, means a structure that meets the requirements of Section 18007. "Mobilehome" does not include a commercial coach, as defined in Section 18001.8, factory-built housing, as defined in Section 19971, or a recreational vehicle, as defined in Section 18010.

History.—Added by Stats. 1995, Ch. 185, in effect January 1, 1996.

18008.5. Mobilehome accessory. "Manufactured home or mobilehome accessory building or structure" or "manufactured home or mobilehome accessory" includes, but is not limited to, any awning, portable, demountable, or permanent cabana, ramada, storage cabinet, carport, skirting, heater, cooler, fence, windbreak, or porch or other equipment established for the use of the occupant of the manufactured home or mobilehome.

History.—Stats. 1983, Ch. 1076, in effect January 1, 1984, added "manufactured home or" at the beginning of the sentence, and added "manufactured home or" before the second and third "mobilehome". Stats. 2000, Ch. 471 (AB 2008), in effect January 1, 2001, added "or other equipment" after "porch" and deleted "or other equipment as defined by Section 1797.3 of the Civil Code" after "mobilehome".

18008.7. Multi-unit manufactured housing. (a) "Multi-unit manufactured housing," for the purposes of this part, means either of the following:

(1) A structure transportable under permit in one or more sections, designed and equipped to contain not more than two dwelling units, a dormitory, or an efficiency unit, to be used either with a support system pursuant to Section 18613 or a foundation system pursuant to Section 18551.

(2) A structure transportable under permit in one or more sections, designed to be used with a foundation system for either of the following purposes:

(A) Three or more dwelling units, as defined by Section 18003.3.

(B) A residential hotel, as defined by paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) of Section 50519.

(b) Multi-unit manufactured housing shall be constructed in compliance with applicable department regulations. The egress and fire separation requirements of Title 24 of the California Code of Regulations applicable to dormitories, hotels, apartment houses, and structures that contain two dwelling units shall also be applicable to all multi-unit manufactured housing constructed for those purposes. The accessibility and adaptability requirements of Title 24 of the California Code of Regulations applicable to dormitories, hotels, and apartment houses shall also be applicable to multi-unit manufactured housing containing three or more dwelling units.

(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, all provisions of law that apply to manufactured homes shall apply equally to multi-unit manufactured housing, except as provided in this section.

(d) For purposes of this section:

(1) "Dormitory" means a room or rooms inhabited for the purposes of temporary residence by two or more persons.

(2) "Efficiency unit" has the same meaning as defined in Section 17958.1.

History.—Stats. 1989, Ch. 875, in effect January 1, 1990, deleted text after "means" in the first sentence, added subsections (a) and (b), restated the former second sentence as the first sentence of the second paragraph, and added the second sentence to the second paragraph. Stats. 1995, Ch. 185, in effect January 1, 1996, renumbered the section which was formerly numbered 18008; added the subdivision letters (a) and (b) at the beginning of the former first and second paragraphs; substituted " 'Multi-unit manufactured housing,' " for " 'Mobilehome,' " after "(a)"; renumbered former "(a)" as "(1)", and substituted ", a dormitory, or an efficiency unit, to be used either with a support system or" for "to be used with or without" after "units" therein; renumbered former "(b)" as "(2)", and substituted "either" for "any" after "for" therein; relettered former "(1)" as "(A)"; deleted former "(2) As a dormitory. A 'dormitory' shall mean a room or rooms inhabited for the purpose of temporary residence by two or more persons."; relettered former "(3)" as "(B)"; deleted former "(4) Efficiency units, as defined by Section 17958.1."; substituted "Multi-unit manufactured housing shall be constructed in compliance with applicable department regulations." for "Mobilehome does not include a recreational vehicle, commercial coach, or factory-built housing, as defined in Section 19971." after "(b)", and substituted "multi-unit manufactured housing" for "mobilehomes" after "applicable to" in the second sentence of subdivision (b); and added subdivisions (c) and (d). Stats. 2001, Ch. 356 (AB 1318), in effect January 1, 2002, added "pursuant to Section 18613" after "support system" and added "system pursuant to Section 18551" after "foundation" in subdivision (a)(1); added the second sentence, and deleted "handicap" after "The", added "also" after "houses shall", and substituted "containing three or more dwelling units" for "constructed for those purposes" after "manufactured housing" in the former second sentence of subdivision (b).

Note.—Section 5 of Stats. 2001, Ch. 356 (AB 1318), provides that no reimbursement is required by this act pursuant to Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution because the only costs that may be incurred by a local agency or school district will be incurred because this act creates a new crime or infraction, eliminates a crime or infraction, or changes the penalty for a crime or infraction, within the meaning of Section 17556 of the Government Code, or changes the definition of a crime within the meaning of Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution.

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