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Oil Spill Response, Prevention, and Administration Fees Law and Government Code

Government Code

Chapter 7.4. Oil Spill Response and Contingency Planning

Article 1. General Provisions

Section 8670.3

Text of section operative through December 31, 2011

8670.3. Definitions. Unless the context requires otherwise, the following definitions shall govern the construction of this chapter:

(a) "Administrator" means the administrator for oil spill response appointed by the Governor pursuant to Section 8670.4.

(b) (1) "Best achievable protection" means the highest level of protection that can be achieved through both the use of the best achievable technology and those manpower levels, training procedures, and operational methods that provide the greatest degree of protection achievable. The administrator's determination of which measures provide the best achievable protection shall be guided by the critical need to protect valuable coastal resources and marine waters, while also considering all of the following:

(A) The protection provided by the measure.

(B) The technological achievability of the measure.

(C) The cost of the measure.

(2) The administrator shall not use a cost-benefit or cost-effectiveness analysis or any particular method of analysis in determining which measures provide the best achievable protection. The administrator shall instead, when determining which measures provide best achievable protection, give reasonable consideration to the protection provided by the measures, the technological achievability of the measures, and the cost of the measures when establishing the requirements to provide the best achievable protection for coastal and marine resources.

(c) (1) "Best achievable technology" means that technology that provides the greatest degree of protection, taking into consideration both of the following:

(A) Processes that are being developed, or could feasibly be developed anywhere in the world, given overall reasonable expenditures on research and development.

(B) Processes that are currently in use anywhere in the world.

(2) In determining what is the best achievable technology pursuant to this chapter, the administrator shall consider the effectiveness and engineering feasibility of the technology.

(d) "Dedicated response resources" means equipment and personnel committed solely to oil spill response, containment, and cleanup that are not used for any other activity that would adversely affect the ability of that equipment and personnel to provide oil spill response services in the timeframes for which the equipment and personnel are rated.

(e) "Director" means the Director of Fish and Game.

(f) "Environmentally sensitive area" means an area defined pursuant to the applicable area contingency plans, as created and revised by the Coast Guard and the administrator.

(g) "Inland spill" means a release of at least one barrel (42 gallons) of oil into inland waters that is not authorized by any federal, state, or local governmental entity.

(h) "Inland waters" means waters of the state other than marine waters, but not including groundwater.

(i) "Local government" means a chartered or general law city, a chartered or general law county, or a city and county.

(j) (1) "Marine facility" means any facility of any kind, other than a tank ship or tank barge, that is or was used for the purposes of exploring for, drilling for, producing, storing, handling, transferring, processing, refining, or transporting oil and is located in marine waters, or is located where a discharge could impact marine waters unless the facility is either of the following:

(A) Subject to Chapter 6.67 (commencing with Section 25270) or Chapter 6.75 (commencing with Section 25299.10) of Division 20 of the Health and Safety Code.

(B) Placed on a farm, nursery, logging site, or construction site and does not exceed 20,000 gallons in a single storage tank.

(2) For the purposes of this chapter, "marine facility" includes a drill ship, semisubmersible drilling platform, jack-up type drilling rig, or any other floating or temporary drilling platform.

(3) For the purposes of this chapter, "marine facility" does not include a small craft refueling dock.

(k) (1) "Marine terminal" means any marine facility used for transferring oil to or from a tank ship or tank barge.

(2) "Marine terminal" includes, for purposes of this chapter, all piping not integrally connected to a tank facility, as defined in subdivision (m) of Section 25270.2 of the Health and Safety Code.

(l) "Marine waters" means those waters subject to tidal influence, and includes the waterways used for waterborne commercial vessel traffic to the Port of Sacramento and the Port of Stockton.

(m) "Mobile transfer unit" means a small marine fueling facility that is a vehicle, truck, or trailer, including all connecting hoses and piping, used for the transferring of oil at a location where a discharge could impact marine waters.

(n) "Nondedicated response resources" means those response resources identified by an Oil Spill Response Organization for oil spill response activities that are not dedicated response resources.

(o) "Nonpersistent oil" means a petroleum-based oil, such as gasoline or jet fuel, that evaporates relatively quickly and is an oil with hydrocarbon fractions, at least 50 percent of which, by volume, distills at a temperature of 645 degrees Fahrenheit, and at least 95 percent of which, by volume, distills at a temperature of 700 degrees Fahrenheit.

(p) "Nontank vessel" means a vessel of 300 gross tons or greater that carries oil, but does not carry that oil as cargo.

(q) "Oil" means any kind of petroleum, liquid hydrocarbons, or petroleum products or any fraction or residues therefrom, including, but not limited to, crude oil, bunker fuel, gasoline, diesel fuel, aviation fuel, oil sludge, oil refuse, oil mixed with waste, and liquid distillates from unprocessed natural gas.

(r) "Oil spill cleanup agent" means a chemical, or any other substance, used for removing, dispersing, or otherwise cleaning up oil or any residual products of petroleum in, or on, any of the waters of the state.

(s) "Oil spill contingency plan" or "contingency plan" means the oil spill contingency plan required pursuant to Article 5 (commencing with Section 8670.28).

(t) (1) "Oil Spill Response Organization" or "OSRO" means an individual, organization, association, cooperative, or other entity that provides, or intends to provide, equipment, personnel, supplies, or other services directly related to oil spill containment, cleanup, or removal activities.

(2) A "rated OSRO" means an OSRO that has received a satisfactory rating from the administrator for a particular rating level established pursuant to Section 8670.30.

(3) "OSRO" does not include an owner or operator with an oil spill contingency plan approved by the administrator or an entity that only provides spill management services, or who provides services or equipment that are only ancillary to containment, cleanup, or removal activities.

(u) "Onshore facility" means a facility of any kind that is located entirely on lands not covered by marine waters.

(v) (1) "Owner" or "operator" means any of the following:

(A) In the case of a vessel, a person who owns, has an ownership interest in, operates, charters by demise, or leases, the vessel.

(B) In the case of a marine facility, a person who owns, has an ownership interest in, or operates the marine facility.

(C) Except as provided in subparagraph (D), in the case of a vessel or marine facility, where title or control was conveyed due to bankruptcy, foreclosure, tax delinquency, abandonment, or similar means to an entity of state or local government, a person who owned, held an ownership interest in, operated, or otherwise controlled activities concerning the vessel or marine facility immediately beforehand.

(D) An entity of the state or local government that acquired ownership or control of a vessel or marine facility, when the entity of the state or local government has caused or contributed to a spill or discharge of oil into marine waters.

(2) "Owner" or "operator" does not include a person who, without participating in the management of a vessel or marine facility, holds indicia of ownership primarily to protect the person's security interest in the vessel or marine facility.

(3) "Operator" does not include a person who owns the land underlying a marine facility or the facility itself if the person is not involved in the operations of the facility.

(w) "Person" means an individual, trust, firm, joint stock company, or corporation, including, but not limited to, a government corporation, partnership, and association. "Person" also includes a city, county, city and county, district, and the state or any department or agency thereof, and the federal government, or any department or agency thereof, to the extent permitted by law.

(x) "Pipeline" means a pipeline used at any time to transport oil.

(y) "Reasonable worst case spill" means, for the purposes of preparing contingency plans for a nontank vessel, the total volume of the largest fuel tank on the nontank vessel.

(z) "Responsible party" or "party responsible" means any of the following:

(1) The owner or transporter of oil or a person or entity accepting responsibility for the oil.

(2) The owner, operator, or lessee of, or a person that charters by demise, a vessel or marine facility, or a person or entity accepting responsibility for the vessel or marine facility.

(aa) "Small craft" means a vessel, other than a tank ship or tank barge, that is less than 20 meters in length.

(ab) "Small craft refueling dock" means a waterside operation that dispenses only nonpersistent oil in bulk and small amounts of persistent lubrication oil in containers primarily to small craft and meets both of the following criteria:

(1) Has tank storage capacity not exceeding 20,000 gallons in any single storage tank or tank compartment.

(2) Has total usable tank storage capacity not exceeding 75,000 gallons.

(ac) "Small marine fueling facility" means either of the following:

(1) A mobile transfer unit.

(2) A fixed facility that is not a marine terminal, that dispenses primarily nonpersistent oil, that may dispense small amounts of persistent oil, primarily to small craft, and that meets all of the following criteria:

(A) Has tank storage capacity greater than 20,000 gallons but not more than 40,000 gallons in any single storage tank or storage tank compartment.

(B) Has total usable tank storage capacity not exceeding 75,000 gallons.

(C) Had an annual throughput volume of over-the-water transfers of oil that did not exceed 3,000,000 gallons during the most recent preceding 12-month period.

(ad) "Spill" or "discharge" means a release of at least one barrel (42 gallons) of oil into marine waters that is not authorized by a federal, state, or local government entity.

(ae) "California oil spill contingency plan" means the California oil spill contingency plan prepared pursuant to Article 3.5 (commencing with Section 8574.1) of Chapter 7.

(af) "Tank barge" means a vessel that carries oil in commercial quantities as cargo but is not equipped with a means of self-propulsion.

(ag) "Tank ship" means a self-propelled vessel that is constructed or adapted for the carriage of oil in bulk or in commercial quantities as cargo.

(ah) "Tank vessel" means a tank ship or tank barge.

(ai) "Vessel" means a watercraft or ship of any kind, including every structure adapted to be navigated from place to place for the transportation of merchandise or persons.

(aj) "Vessel carrying oil as secondary cargo" means a vessel that does not carry oil as a primary cargo, but does carry oil in bulk as cargo or cargo residue.

This section shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2012, and as of that date is repealed, unless a later enacted statute, that is enacted before January 1, 2012, deletes or extends that date.

History.—Stats. 1990, Ch. 10, in effect from December 13, 1990 until July 1, 1991, added definitions of "crude oil" and "petroleum products" and allowed them to expire on terms of the bill and revert to the former section definitions. Stats. 1991, Ch. 300, in effect August 1, 1991, substituted "vessel that carries . . . of self-propulsion" for "relatively flat-bottomed, waterborne vessel that does not have a crew, is propelled by being pulled by another vessel, and that is constructed or adapted to carry oil in commercial quantities as cargo" after " "Barge" means any" in subdivision (b). Stats. 1992, Ch. 1313, in effect September 30, 1992, added designations "(1)" and "(2)" to subdivision (c); added "For the purposes . . . a "marine facility" " to the end of subdivision (f); added subdivision (i) and relettered the former subdivisions (i) through (n) as (j) to (o); added subdivision (p) and relettered former subdivisions (o) through (s) as (q) to (u). Stats. 1994, Ch. 1269, in effect January 1, 1995, added subdivisions (p) and (r), relettered subdivision (p) as (q), and relettered subdivisions (q) through (u) as (s) through (w), respectively. Stats. 1995, Ch. 940, in effect January 1, 1996, added subdivision (i) and relettered former subdivisions (i) and (j) as (j) and (k), respectively; added subdivision (l) and relettered former subdivisions (k) through (w) as (m) through (y), respectively; and added subdivision (z). Stats. 2001, Ch. 748 (AB 715), relettered subdivision (b) as subdivision (dd) and added "Tank" prior to "barge" in new subdivision (dd), relettered subdivision (c) as subdivision (b), deleted old subparagraph (c)(2), relettered subdivision (d) as subdivision (c), added new subdivision (d) and (e), relettered subdivision (e) as subdivision (f), relettered subdivision (f) as subdivision (g), relettered subdivision (g) as subdivision (h), relettered subdivision (h) as subdivision (i), relettered subdivision (i) as subdivision (j), added new subdivision (k), relettered subdivision (j) as subdivision (l), added new subdivision (m), relettered subdivision (k) as subdivision (n), relettered subdivision (l) as subdivision (o), added new subdivision (p) and (q), relettered subdivision (m) as subdivision (r), relettered subdivision (n) as subdivision (s), relettered subdivision (o) as subdivision (t), relettered subdivision (p) as subdivision (u), added new subdivision (v), relettered subdivision (q) as subdivision (w), relettered subdivision (r) as subdivision (x), relettered subdivision (s) as subdivision (y), relettered subdivision (t) as subdivision (z), relettered subdivision (u) as subdivision (aa), relettered subdivision (v) as subdivision (bb), relettered subdivision (w) as subdivision (cc), relettered subdivision (x) as subdivision (ee), added new subdivision (ff), relettered subdivision (y) as subdivision (gg), relettered subdivision (z) as subdivision (hh), added "marine" after "the vessel or" in subparagraph (s)(1)(C), substituted "that" for "which" and "of" for "or" in subparagraph (s)(1)(D), substituted "any vessel, other . . . tank barge, that" for "waterborne craft, other than a tanker or barge, which" in subdivision (x), substituted "that" for "which" in subparagraph (z)(2), substituted "that" for "which" in subdivision (aa), substituted "Tank ship means . . . vessel that is" for "Tanker means any self propelled, water borne vessel," in subdivision (ee), substituted "any watercraft or . . . merchandise or persons." for "a tanker or . . . in this section." in subdivision (gg), effective January 1, 2002. Stats. 2004, Ch. 796 (SB 1742), substituted "cost-effectiveness analysis" for "cost effectiveness analysis" in the first sentence of subparagraph (b)(2), substituted "and includes the waterways used for waterborne commercial vessel traffic to the Port of Sacramento and the Port of Stockton" for "except for waters in the Sacramento, San Joaquin Delta upstream from a line running north and south through the point where Contra Costa, Sacramento, and Solano Counties meet" in subdivision (i), substituted "Oil Spill Response Organization" for "OSRO" in subdivision (k), and substituted "California" for "state" two places in subdivision (cc). Stats. 2007, Ch. 373 (AB 1220), in effect January 1, 2008, deleted hyphen in "Nondedicated" in subdivision (k); added "greater than 20,000 gallons" and substituted "but not more than" for "not exceeding" before "40,000 gallons in any single . . . tank compartment." in subparagraph (z)(2)(A); and relettered subdivision (bb) as (ab), subdivision (cc) as (ac), subdivision (dd) as (ad), subdivision (ee) as (ae), subdivision (ff) as (af), subdivision (gg) as (ag), and subdivision (hh) as (ah). Stats. 2008, Ch. 565 (AB 2911), in effect January 1, 2009, adds new subdivision (e); relettered former subdivision (e) as (f); adds new subdivisions (g) and (h); relettered former subdivisions (f), (g), (h), (i), (j), (k), (l), (m), (n), (o), (p), (q), (r), (s), (t), (u), (v), (w), (x), (y), and (z) as (i), (j), (k), (l), (m), (n), (o), (p), (q), (r), (s), (t), (u), (v), (w), (x), (y), (z), (aa), (ab), and (ac), respectively; relettered former subdivisions (aa), (ab), (ac), (ad), (ae), (af), (ag), and (ah) as (ad), (ae), (af), (ag), (ah), (ai), (aj), and (ak), respectively; substituted "a" for "any" throughout entire section; substituted "(m)" for "(1)" after ", as defined in subdivision" in subdivision (k)(2); substituted "that" for "which" after "of any kind" in subdivision (u); added "where" after "or marine facility," and deleted "of which" after "title or control" in subparagraph (v)(1)(C); substituted "the person's" for "his or her" after "primarily to protect" in paragraph (v)(2); and added "a" before and substituted "that" for "who" after "person" in paragraph (z)(2). Stats. 2009, Ch. 294 (AB 1442), in effect January 1, 2010, deleted comma and "diesel" after "such as gasoline" and substituted "degrees" for "°" after "645" and "700" in subdivision (o); substituted "a" for "any" after "authorized by" in subdivision (ad). Stats. 2011, Ch. 133 (AB 120), in effect July 26, 2011, deleted former subdivision (ae) which read ""State Interagency Oil Spill Committee" means the committee established pursuant to Article 3.5 (commencing with Section 8574.1 of Chapter 7.", relettered former subdivisions (af) through (ak) as (ae) through (aj), respectively, and added the last sentence of the section.

Text of section operative January 1, 2012

8670.3. Definitions. Unless the context requires otherwise, the following definitions shall govern the construction of this chapter:

(a) "Administrator" means the administrator for oil spill response appointed by the Governor pursuant to Section 8670.4.

(b) (1) "Best achievable protection" means the highest level of protection that can be achieved through both the use of the best achievable technology and those manpower levels, training procedures, and operational methods that provide the greatest degree of protection achievable. The administrator's determination of which measures provide the best achievable protection shall be guided by the critical need to protect valuable coastal resources and marine waters, while also considering all of the following:

(A) The protection provided by the measure.

(B) The technological achievability of the measure.

(C) The cost of the measure.

(2) The administrator shall not use a cost-benefit or cost-effectiveness analysis or any particular method of analysis in determining which measures provide the best achievable protection. The administrator shall instead, when determining which measures provide best achievable protection, give reasonable consideration to the protection provided by the measures, the technological achievability of the measures, and the cost of the measures when establishing the requirements to provide the best achievable protection for coastal and marine resources.

(c) (1) "Best achievable technology" means that technology that provides the greatest degree of protection, taking into consideration both of the following:

(A) Processes that are being developed, or could feasibly be developed anywhere in the world, given overall reasonable expenditures on research and development.

(B) Processes that are currently in use anywhere in the world.

(2) In determining what is the best achievable technology pursuant to this chapter, the administrator shall consider the effectiveness and engineering feasibility of the technology.

(d) "Dedicated response resources" means equipment and personnel committed solely to oil spill response, containment, and cleanup that are not used for any other activity that would adversely affect the ability of that equipment and personnel to provide oil spill response services in the timeframes for which the equipment and personnel are rated.

(e) "Director" means the Director of Fish and Game.

(f) "Environmentally sensitive area" means an area defined pursuant to the applicable area contingency plans, as created and revised by the Coast Guard and the administrator.

(g) "Inland spill" means a release of at least one barrel (42 gallons) of oil into inland waters that is not authorized by any federal, state, or local governmental entity.

(h) "Inland waters" means waters of the state other than marine waters, but not including groundwater.

(i) "Local government" means a chartered or general law city, a chartered or general law county, or a city and county.

(j) (1) "Marine facility" means any facility of any kind, other than a tank ship or tank barge, that is or was used for the purposes of exploring for, drilling for, producing, storing, handling, transferring, processing, refining, or transporting oil and is located in marine waters, or is located where a discharge could impact marine waters unless the facility is either of the following:

(A) Subject to Chapter 6.67 (commencing with Section 25270) or Chapter 6.75 (commencing with Section 25299.10) of Division 20 of the Health and Safety Code.

(B) Placed on a farm, nursery, logging site, or construction site and does not exceed 20,000 gallons in a single storage tank.

(2) For the purposes of this chapter, "marine facility" includes a drill ship, semisubmersible drilling platform, jack-up type drilling rig, or any other floating or temporary drilling platform.

(3) For the purposes of this chapter, "marine facility" does not include a small craft refueling dock.

(k) (1) "Marine terminal" means any marine facility used for transferring oil to or from a tank ship or tank barge.

(2) "Marine terminal" includes, for purposes of this chapter, all piping not integrally connected to a tank facility, as defined in subdivision (m) of Section 25270.2 of the Health and Safety Code.

(l) "Marine waters" means those waters subject to tidal influence, and includes the waterways used for waterborne commercial vessel traffic to the Port of Sacramento and the Port of Stockton.

(m) "Mobile transfer unit" means a small marine fueling facility that is a vehicle, truck, or trailer, including all connecting hoses and piping, used for the transferring of oil at a location where a discharge could impact marine waters.

(n) "Nondedicated response resources" means those response resources identified by an Oil Spill Response Organization for oil spill response activities that are not dedicated response resources.

(o) "Nonpersistent oil" means a petroleum-based oil, such as gasoline or jet fuel, that evaporates relatively quickly and is an oil with hydrocarbon fractions, at least 50 percent of which, by volume, distills at a temperature of 645 degrees Fahrenheit, and at least 95 percent of which, by volume, distills at a temperature of 700 degrees Fahrenheit.

(p) "Nontank vessel" means a vessel of 300 gross tons or greater that carries oil, but does not carry that oil as cargo.

(q) "Oil" means any kind of petroleum, liquid hydrocarbons, or petroleum products or any fraction or residues therefrom, including, but not limited to, crude oil, bunker fuel, gasoline, diesel fuel, aviation fuel, oil sludge, oil refuse, oil mixed with waste, and liquid distillates from unprocessed natural gas.

(r) "Oil spill cleanup agent" means a chemical, or any other substance, used for removing, dispersing, or otherwise cleaning up oil or any residual products of petroleum in, or on, any of the waters of the state.

(s) "Oil spill contingency plan" or "contingency plan" means the oil spill contingency plan required pursuant to Article 5 (commencing with Section 8670.28).

(t) (1) "Oil Spill Response Organization" or "OSRO" means an individual, organization, association, cooperative, or other entity that provides, or intends to provide, equipment, personnel, supplies, or other services directly related to oil spill containment, cleanup, or removal activities.

(2) A "rated OSRO" means an OSRO that has received a satisfactory rating from the administrator for a particular rating level established pursuant to Section 8670.30.

(3) "OSRO" does not include an owner or operator with an oil spill contingency plan approved by the administrator or an entity that only provides spill management services, or who provides services or equipment that are only ancillary to containment, cleanup, or removal activities.

(u) "Onshore facility" means a facility of any kind that is located entirely on lands not covered by marine waters.

(v) (1) "Owner" or "operator" means any of the following:

(A) In the case of a vessel, a person who owns, has an ownership interest in, operates, charters by demise, or leases, the vessel.

(B) In the case of a marine facility, a person who owns, has an ownership interest in, or operates the marine facility.

(C) Except as provided in subparagraph (D), in the case of a vessel or marine facility, where title or control was conveyed due to bankruptcy, foreclosure, tax delinquency, abandonment, or similar means to an entity of state or local government, a person who owned, held an ownership interest in, operated, or otherwise controlled activities concerning the vessel or marine facility immediately beforehand.

(D) An entity of the state or local government that acquired ownership or control of a vessel or marine facility, when the entity of the state or local government has caused or contributed to a spill or discharge of oil into marine waters.

(2) "Owner" or "operator" does not include a person who, without participating in the management of a vessel or marine facility, holds indicia of ownership primarily to protect the person's security interest in the vessel or marine facility.

(3) "Operator" does not include a person who owns the land underlying a marine facility or the facility itself if the person is not involved in the operations of the facility.

(w) "Person" means an individual, trust, firm, joint stock company, or corporation, including, but not limited to, a government corporation, partnership, and association. "Person" also includes a city, county, city and county, district, and the state or any department or agency thereof, and the federal government, or any department or agency thereof, to the extent permitted by law.

(x) "Pipeline" means a pipeline used at any time to transport oil.

(y) "Reasonable worst case spill" means, for the purposes of preparing contingency plans for a nontank vessel, the total volume of the largest fuel tank on the nontank vessel.

(z) "Responsible party" or "party responsible" means any of the following:

(1) The owner or transporter of oil or a person or entity accepting responsibility for the oil.

(2) The owner, operator, or lessee of, or a person that charters by demise, a vessel or marine facility, or a person or entity accepting responsibility for the vessel or marine facility.

(aa) "Small craft" means a vessel, other than a tank ship or tank barge, that is less than 20 meters in length.

(ab) "Small craft refueling dock" means a waterside operation that dispenses only nonpersistent oil in bulk and small amounts of persistent lubrication oil in containers primarily to small craft and meets both of the following criteria:

(1) Has tank storage capacity not exceeding 20,000 gallons in any single storage tank or tank compartment.

(2) Has total usable tank storage capacity not exceeding 75,000 gallons.

(ac) "Small marine fueling facility" means either of the following:

(1) A mobile transfer unit.

(2) A fixed facility that is not a marine terminal, that dispenses primarily nonpersistent oil, that may dispense small amounts of persistent oil, primarily to small craft, and that meets all of the following criteria:

(A) Has tank storage capacity greater than 20,000 gallons but not more than 40,000 gallons in any single storage tank or storage tank compartment.

(B) Has total usable tank storage capacity not exceeding 75,000 gallons.

(C) Had an annual throughput volume of over-the-water transfers of oil that did not exceed 3,000,000 gallons during the most recent preceding 12-month period.

(ad) "Spill" or "discharge" means a release of at least one barrel (42 gallons) of oil into marine waters that is not authorized by a federal, state, or local government entity.

(ae) "California oil spill contingency plan" means the California oil spill contingency plan prepared pursuant to Article 3.5 (commencing with Section 8574.1) of Chapter 7.

(af) "Tank barge" means a vessel that carries oil in commercial quantities as cargo but is not equipped with a means of self-propulsion.

(ag) "Tank ship" means a self-propelled vessel that is constructed or adapted for the carriage of oil in bulk or in commercial quantities as cargo.

(ah) "Tank vessel" means a tank ship or tank barge.

(ai) "Vessel" means a watercraft or ship of any kind, including every structure adapted to be navigated from place to place for the transportation of merchandise or persons.

(aj) "Vessel carrying oil as secondary cargo" means a vessel that does not carry oil as a primary cargo, but does carry oil in bulk as cargo or cargo residue.

This section shall become operative on January 1, 2012.

History.—Added by Stats. 2011, Ch. 133 (AB 120), in effect July 26, 2011, but operative January 1, 2012.