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Marine Invasive Species Fee Collection Law

Public Resources Code

Chapter 2. Ballast Water Management Requirements

Chapter 2. Ballast Water Management Requirements

71203. Person in charge of vessel. (a) The master, operator, or person in charge of a vessel is responsible for the safety of the vessel, its crew, and its passengers.

(b) (1) The master, operator, or person in charge of a vessel is not required by this division to conduct a ballast water management practice, including exchange, if the master determines that the practice would threaten the safety of the vessel, its crew, or its passengers because of adverse weather, vessel design limitations, equipment failure, or any other extraordinary conditions.

(2) If a determination described in paragraph (1) is made, the master, operator, or person in charge of the vessel shall take all feasible measures, based on the best available technologies economically achievable, that do not compromise the safety of the vessel to minimize the discharge of ballast water containing nonindigenous species into the waters of the state, or waters that may impact waters of the state.

(c) Nothing in this division relieves the master, operator, or person in charge of a vessel of the responsibility for ensuring the safety and stability of the vessel or the safety of the crew and passengers, or any other responsibility.

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71204. Employment of ballast water management practices. Subject to Section 71203, the master, owner, operator, or person in charge of a vessel carrying, or capable of carrying, ballast water, that operates in the waters of the state shall do all of the following to minimize the uptake and the release of nonindigenous species:

(a) Discharge only the minimal amount of ballast water essential for vessel operations while in the waters of the state.

(b) Minimize the discharge or uptake of ballast water in areas within, or that may directly affect, marine sanctuaries, marine preserves, marine parks, or coral reefs.

(c) Minimize or avoid uptake of ballast water in all of the following areas and circumstances:

(1) Areas known to have infestations or populations of nonindigenous organisms and pathogens.

(2) Areas near a sewage outfall.

(3) Areas for which the master, owner, operator, or person in charge of a vessel has been informed of the presence of toxic algal blooms.

(4) Areas where tidal flushing is known to be poor or in turbid waters.

(5) In darkness when bottom-dwelling organisms may rise up in the water column.

(6) Areas where sediments have been disturbed, such as near dredging operations or where propellers may have recently stirred up the sediment.

(d) Clean the ballast tanks regularly in mid-ocean waters, or under controlled arrangements in port or in drydock, to remove fouling organisms and sediments, and dispose of those organisms and sediments in accordance with local, state, and federal law.

(e) Rinse anchors and anchor chains when retrieving the anchor to remove organisms and sediments at their place of origin.

(f) (1) Remove biofouling organisms from the hull, piping, propellers, sea chests, and other wetted portions of a vessel arriving at a California port or place, on a regular basis, and dispose of removed substances in accordance with local, state, and federal law.

(2) For purposes of paragraph (1), prior to and until the date that the regulations described in Section 71204.6 are adopted, "regular basis" means any of the following:

(A) No longer than by the date of expiration on the vessel's full-term Safety Construction Certificate or an extension of that expiration date.

(B) No longer than by the date of expiration of the vessel's full-term United States Coast Guard Certificate of Inspection or an extension of that expiration date by the United States Coast Guard.

(C) No longer than 60 months since the time of the vessel's last out-of-water drydocking. The commission may approve a time extension to this period.

(3) Inwater cleaning that is performed on the wetted portions of a vessel while in the waters of the state shall be conducted using best available technologies economically achievable, and designed to minimize the release of coating and biological materials, cleaning agents, and byproducts of the cleaning process into the surrounding waters. The cleaning shall be performed in accordance with local, state, and federal law.

(g) Provide access to the commission, upon request, for sampling of ballast intake and discharge.

(h) Maintain a ballast water management plan that was prepared specifically for the vessel and that shall, upon request, be made available to the commission for inspection and review. This plan shall be specific to each vessel and shall provide, at a minimum, a description of the ballast water management strategy for the vessel that is sufficiently detailed to allow a master or other appropriate ship's officer or crew member serving on that vessel to understand and follow the ballast water management strategy.

(i) Train the master, operator, person in charge, and those members of the crew who have responsibilities under the vessel's ballast water management plan, on the application of ballast water and sediment management and treatment procedures, as well as procedures described in this section, in order to minimize other releases of nonindigenous species from vessels.

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71204.2. Employment of ballast water management practices prior to implementation of regulations. deletion[Repealed by Stats. 2015, Ch. 644 (AB 1312), in effect January 1, 2016.]

71204.3. Employment of ballast water management practices after implementation of regulations.deletion(a) The commission shall adopt regulations governing ballast water management practices for vessels arriving at a California port from a port outside of the Pacific Coast Region. The commission shall consider vessel design and voyage duration in developing these regulations. The regulations shall be based on the best available technology economically achievable, and shall be designed to protect the waters of the state. The regulations shall include, as appropriate, restrictions or prohibitions on discharge of ballast water containing nonindigenous species into areas in and outside estuaries and into ocean areas shown to have a capacity to retain organisms.

(b) Subject to Section 71203, the master, operator, or person in charge of a vessel arriving at a California port from a port outside of the Pacific Coast Region shall comply with these regulations.

(c) Prior to and until the date of implementation of the regulations described in deletionsubdivision (a), and subject to Section 71203, the master, operator, or person in charge of a vessel that arrives at a California port deletion from a port deletion outside of the Pacific Coast Region shall employ at least one of the following ballast water management practices:

(deletion1) Exchange the vessel's ballast water in mid-ocean waters, before entering the coastal waters of the state.

(deletion2) Retain all ballast water on board the vessel.

(deletion3) (A) Discharge the ballast water at the same location where the ballast water originated, provided that the master, operator, or person in charge of the vessel can demonstrate that the ballast water to be discharged was not mixed with ballast water taken on in an area other than mid-ocean waters.

(deletionB) For purposes of this deletionparagraph, "same location" means an area within one nautical mile (6,000 feet) of the berth or within the recognized breakwater of a California portdeletion, at which the ballast water to be discharged was loaded.

(deletion4) Use an alternative, environmentally sound method of ballast water management that, before the vessel begins the voyage, has been approved by the commission or the United States Coast Guard as being at least as effective as exchange, using mid-ocean waters, in removing or killing nonindigenous species.

(deletion5) Discharge the ballast water to a reception facility approved by the commission.

(deletion6) Under extraordinary circumstances, perform a ballast water exchange within an area agreed to by the commission in consultation with the United States Coast Guard at or before the time of the request.

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71204.5. Ballast water management practices regulations. (a) On or before January 1, 2005, the commission shall adopt regulations governing ballast water management practices for vessels arriving at a California port or place from a port or place within the Pacific Coast Region. The commission shall consider vessel design and voyage duration in developing these regulations. The regulations shall be based on the best available technology economically achievable and shall be designed to protect the waters of the state. The regulations shall include, as appropriate, restrictions or prohibitions on discharge of ballast water containing nonindigenous species into areas in and outside estuaries and into ocean areas shown to have a capacity to retain organisms.

(b) Subject to Section 71203, and commencing no later than July 1, 2005, the master, operator, or person in charge of a vessel arriving at a California port or place from a port or place within the Pacific Coast Region shall comply with these regulations.

71204.6. Regulations governing management of hull fouling on vessels. On or before January 1, 2012, the commission, in consultation with the board, the United States Coast Guard, and a technical advisory group consisting of interested persons including, but not limited to, shipping, port, and environmental conservation representatives, shall develop and adopt regulations governing the management of biofouling on vessels arriving at a California port or place. The commission shall consider vessel design and voyage duration in developing the regulations. The regulations shall be based on the best available technology economically achievable and shall be designed to protect the waters of the state.

History.—Added by Stats. 2007, Ch. 370 (AB 740), in effect January 1, 2008. Stats. 2012, Ch. 550 (SB 935), in effect September 25, 2012, substituted "biofouling" for "hull fouling" after "regulations governing the management".

71204.7. Shipboard ballast water treatment system regulations. (a) On or before July 1, 2005, the commission, in consultation with the United States Coast Guard, shall adopt regulations governing the evaluation and approval of shipboard experimental ballast water treatment systems.

(b) The regulations shall include criteria for the development of a formal application package to use those systems.

(c) (1) If an owner or operator of a vessel applies to install an experimental ballast water treatment system, and the commission approves that application on or before January 1, deletion2020, the commission shall deem the system to be in compliance with any future treatment standard adopted, for a period not to exceed five years from the date that the interim performance standards adopted pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 71205.3 would apply to that vessel.

(2) The commission may rescind its approval of the system at any time if the commission, in consultation with the board and the United States Coast Guard, and after an opportunity for administrative appeal with the executive officer of the commission, determines that the system has not been operated in accordance with conditions in the agreed upon application package, or that there exists a serious deficiency in performance, human safety, or environmental soundness relative to anticipated performance, or that the applicant has failed to provide the commission with required test results and evaluations.

(d) The commission shall not approve an experimental ballast water treatment system unless the owner or operator demonstrates that the system has significant potential to improve upon the ability of existing systems to kill, inactivate, or otherwise remove nonindigenous species from ballast water.

(e) The commission shall disseminate to the public the test results and evaluations regarding experimental ballast water treatment systems described in this section.

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71204.9. Report. (a) (1) On or before January 31, 2006, the commission, in consultation with the board and in consideration of the advisory panel recommendations described in subdivision (b), shall submit to the Legislature and make available to the public, a report that recommends specific performance standards for the discharge of ballast water into the waters of the state, or into waters that may impact waters of the state. The performance standards shall be based on the best available technology economically achievable and shall be designed to protect the beneficial uses of affected, and potentially affected, waters. If the commission, based on the best available information, and in consultation with the board and in consideration of the advisory panel recommendations, determines that it is technologically and economically achievable to prohibit the discharge of nonindigenous species, the commission shall include this recommendation in the report to the Legislature.

(2) As appropriate, the commission may recommend different performance standards for vessels arriving from mid-ocean waters, for vessels that travel exclusively within the Pacific Coast Region, for new or existing vessels, or for different vessel types. Each set of performance standards shall be based on the best available technology economically achievable for the described category of vessel.

(b) (1) The commission shall convene and consult with an advisory panel in developing the report required by subdivision (a). The advisory panel shall be comprised of persons concerned with performance standards for the discharge of treated ballast water. The advisory panel shall include, but not be limited to, representatives from one or more California regional water quality control boards, the Department of Fish and Game, the United States Coast Guard, the United States Environmental Protection Agency, and persons representing shipping, port, conservation, fishing, aquaculture, agriculture, and public water agency interests. The commission shall ensure that the advisory panel meets in a manner that facilitates the effective participation of both the public and panel members.

(2) The advisory panel shall make recommendations regarding the content, issuance, and implementation of the performance standards to the commission.

(3) (A) The advisory panel's meetings shall be open to the public.

(B) The commission shall provide notice of the advisory panel's meetings to any person who requests that notice in writing, as well as on the commission's Web site. The commission shall provide that notice at least 10 days before an advisory panel meeting and shall include a brief general description of the meeting's agenda and the name, address, and telephone number of a person who can provide additional information before the meeting.

(4) The advisory panel shall submit its recommendations to the commission on or before July 1, 2005.

71205. Information to be provided before departure. (a) (1) The master, owner, operator, agent, or person in charge of a vessel carrying, or capable of carrying, ballast water, that visits a California port deletion, shall provide the information described in subdivision (c) in electronic or written form to the commission deletionat least 24 hours before the vessel arrives at that California port. If a vesselís voyage is less than 24 hours in total duration, the vessel shall report the required information prior to departing the port of departure.

(2) The information described in subdivision (c) shall be submitted using a form developed by the United States Coast Guard.

(b) If the information submitted in accordance with this section changes, an amended form shall be submitted to the commission upon the vessel's departure from each port deletion of call in California.

(c) (1) The master, owner, operator, or person in charge of the vessel shall maintain on board the vessel, in written or electronic form, records that include all of the following information:

(A) Vessel information, including all of the following:

(i) Name.

(ii) International Maritime Organization number or official number if the International Maritime Organization number has not been assigned.

(iii) Vessel type.

(iv) Owner or operator.

(v) Gross tonnage.

(vi) Call sign.

(vii) Port of registry.

(B) Voyage information, including the date and port of arrival, vessel agent, last port and country of call, and next port and country of call.

(C) Ballast water information, including the total ballast water capacity, total volume of ballast water on board, total number of ballast water tanks, capacity of each ballast water tank, and total number of ballast water tanks in ballast, using measurements in metric tons (MT) and cubic meters (m3).

(D) Ballast water management information, including all of the following:

(i) The total number of ballast tanks or holds, the contents of which are to be discharged into the waters of the state or to a reception facility.

(ii) If an alternative ballast water management method is used, the number of tanks that were managed using an alternative method, as well as the type of method used.

(iii) Whether the vessel has a ballast water management plan and International Maritime Organization guidelines on board, and whether the ballast water management plan is used.

(iv) Whether the master, operator, or person in charge of the vessel has claimed a safety exemption pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) of Section 71203 for the vessel voyage, and the reason for asserting the applicability of that paragraph.

(E) Information on ballast water tanks, the contents of which are to be discharged into the waters of the state or to a reception facility, including all of the following:

(i) The origin of ballast water, including the date and location of intake, volume, and temperature. If a tank has been exchanged, the identity of the loading port of the ballast water that was discharged during the exchange.

(ii) The date, location, volume, method, thoroughness measured by percentage exchanged if exchange is conducted, and sea height at time of exchange if exchange is conducted, of ballast water exchanged or otherwise managed.

(iii) The expected date, location, volume, and salinity of ballast water to be discharged into the waters of the state or a reception facility.

(F) Discharge of sediment and, if sediment is to be discharged within the state, the location of the facility where the disposal will take place.

(G) Certification of accurate information, that shall include the printed name, title, and signature of the master, owner, operator, person in charge, or responsible officer attesting to the accuracy of the information provided and certifying compliance with the requirements of this division.

(H) Changes to previously submitted information.

(2) The master, owner, operator, or person in charge of a vessel subject to this subdivision shall retain a signed copy of the information described in this subdivision on board the vessel for two years.

(d) The master, owner, operator, or person in charge of a vessel subject to this division shall retain for two years a separate ballast water log outlining ballast water management activities for each ballast water tank on board the vessel and shall make the separate ballast water log available to the commission for inspection and review.

(e) (1) The master, owner, operator, agent, or person in charge of a vessel subject to this division shall provide the information described in subdivision (f) in electronic or written form to the commission annually upon request of the commission. The master, owner, operator, agent, or person in charge of the vessel shall submit that information within 60 days of receiving a written or electronic request from the commission. For purposes of this paragraph, the reporting shall begin on January 1, 2008, and continue until the date that the regulations described in Section 71204.6 are adopted.

(2)(A) The information described in subdivision (f) shall be submitted using a form developed by the commission.

(B) The master, owner, operator, or person in charge of a vessel subject to this subdivision shall retain a copy of the form submitted pursuant to this subdivision on board the vessel for two years.

(f) The master, owner, operator, agent, or person in charge of a vessel subject to this division shall maintain, in written or electronic form, records that include the following information:

(1) (A) Date and location of drydocking events.

(B) Whether the vessel in general, and the wetted portion of the vessel, sea chests, anchors, and associated chains in particular, were cleaned during a drydocking event.

(2) Date and geographic location of all inwater cleaning of the wetted portion of the vessel.

(3) (A) Date and geographic location of all antifouling paint applications to the vessel.

(B) The manufacturer and brand name of the antifouling paint applied to the vessel.

(4) Any additional information required by the commission by rule or regulation.

(g) (1) The master, owner, operator, agent, or person in charge of a vessel subject to this division that has a ballast water treatment system installed on board deletion shall provide to the commission based on a schedule to be developed by the commission, by rule or regulation, in consultation with the advisory panel established in Section 71204.9 and the United States Coast Guard, the following information in electronic or written form:

(A) The manufacturer and product name of the ballast water treatment system on board the vessel.

(B) If applicable, the name and organization that has approved the ballast water treatment system and the approval or certification number of the ballast water treatment system technology.

(C) The number of tanks and the volume of each tank that is managed using the ballast water treatment system and that was discharged in waters of the state.

(D) Any additional information required by the commission by rule or regulation.

(2) The information required by paragraph (1) shall be provided on a form developed by the commission.

(h) The master, owner, operator, agent, or person in charge of a vessel subject to this division that has a ballast water treatment system installed on board deletion shall maintain on board the vessel, in written or electronic form, records, including, but not limited to, all of the following information:

(1) Copies of all reports and forms described in subdivision (g), submitted to the commission.

(2) Material safety data sheets for all chemicals utilized in conjunction with the ballast water treatment system.

(3) System manufacturer's technical guides, publications, and manuals.

(4) Ballast water treatment system performance information, which may be incorporated into the ballast water log described in subdivision (d), and includes, at a minimum, all of the following information:

(A) The date, time, and location of the starting and stopping of the system for the purpose of treating ballast water.

(B) System malfunctions or unexpected situations, including problem resolution.

(C) Both scheduled and unscheduled maintenance of the system.

(D) All relevant measures of performance recorded during system operation.

(E) Any additional information required by the commission by rule or regulation.

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71205.3. Interim performance standards for discharge of ballast water regulations. (a) deletionThe commission shall adopt regulations that do all of the following:

(1) Except as provided in Section 71204.7, require an owner or operator of a vessel carrying, or capable of carrying, ballast water that operates in the waters of the state to implement the interim performance standards for the discharge of ballast water recommended in accordance with Table x-1 of the California State Lands Commission Report on Performance Standards for Ballast Water Discharges in California Waters, as approved by the commission on January 26, 2006.

(2) Except as provided in Section 71204.7, require an owner or operator of a vessel carrying, or capable of carrying, ballast water that operates in the waters of the state to comply with the deletioninterim performance standards by the applicable following date:

(A) Upon first arrival at a California port for new vessels constructed on or after January 1, 2020.

(B) As of the first scheduled drydocking on or after January 1, 2020, for all other vessels.

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(3) Notwithstanding Section 71204.7, require an owner or operator of a vessel carrying, or capable of carrying, ballast water that operates in the waters of the state to meet the final performance standard for the discharge of ballast water of zero detectable living organisms for all organism size classes by deletionJanuary 1, 2030.

(b) (1) Not less than 18 months prior to deletionJanuary 1, 2020, and January 1, 2030 for each subsequent class and the date for implementation of the final performance standard, as specified in paragraph (3) of subdivision (a), the commission, in consultation with the State Water Resources Control Board, the United States Coast Guard, and the advisory panel described in subdivision (b) of Section 71204.9, shall prepare, or update, and submit to the Legislature a review of the efficacy, availability, and environmental impacts, including the effect on water quality, of currently available technologies for ballast water treatment systems. If technologies to meet the performance standards are determined in a review to be unavailable, the commission shall include in that review an assessment of why the technologies are unavailable.

(2) (A) The requirement for submitting a report imposed under this subdivision is inoperative on January 1, 2024, for the interim performance standards, and January 1, 2034, for the final performance standard, pursuant to Section 10231.5 of the Government Code.

(B) A report to be submitted pursuant to this subdivision shall be submitted in compliance with Section 9795 of the Government Code.

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71206. Samples, information, and availability of records. (a) The commission, in coordination with the United States Coast Guard, shall take samples of ballast waterdeletion, sediment, and biofouling from and inspect at least 25 percent of the arriving vessels subject to this division, examine documents, and make other appropriate inquiries to assess the compliance of any vessel subject to this division. The commission shall provide to the board copies of all sampling results.

(b) The master, owner, operator, or person in charge of a vessel subject to this division shall make available to the commission, upon request of that commission, the records required by deletionto be maintained by the division.

(c) The commission in coordination with the United States Coast Guard, shall compile the information obtained from submitted reports. The information shall be used, in conjunction with existing information relating to the number of vessel arrivals, to assess vessel reporting rates and compliance with the requirements of this division.

71207. Effect of code provisions; violations. deletion

(deletiona) Nothing in this division restricts a state or local agency, board, commission, or department, or a subdivision of one of those entities, from enforcing this division, if the total fines imposed by those entities do not exceed the amount of the fines set forth in Section 71216.

(deletionb) A person who violates this division is subject to civil and criminal liability in accordance with Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 71216).

(deletionc) The commission may require a vessel operating in violation of this division to depart the waters of the state and exchange, treat, or otherwise manage the ballast water or biofouling, or both, at a location determined by the commission, unless the master determines that the departure or exchange would threaten the safety or stability of the vessel, its crew, or its passengers.

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71210. Evaluation of alternatives. (a) The commission, in consultation with the board, the United States Coast Guard, and a technical advisory group made up of interested persons, including, but not limited to, shipping and port representatives, shall sponsor a pilot program for the purpose of evaluating alternatives for treating and otherwise managing ballast water. The goal of this effort shall be the reduction or elimination of the discharge of nonindigenous species into the coastal waters of the state or into waters that may impact coastal waters of the state. Whenever possible, the pilot programs shall include funding from federal grants and appropriations, vendor funding, and state bond funds, including, but not limited to, bond funds from the Water Security, Clean Drinking Water, Coastal and Beach Protection Act of 2002. Priority shall be given to projects to test and evaluate treatment technologies that can be used to prevent the introduction and spread of nonindigenous aquatic species into coastal waters of the state by ship-mediated vectors.

(b) The commission shall provide biennial summaries to the Legislature and the public, beginning on or before January 31, 2005, of the results of the pilot programs conducted pursuant to this section. These summary reports shall include, but not be limited to, a description of the projects, the relative effectiveness of the technologies examined in minimizing the discharge of nonindigenous species, and the costs of implementing the technologies.

71210.5. Vector analysis. deletion[Repealed by Stats. 2015, Ch. (AB 1312), in effect January 1, 2016.]

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